Department of Education - Murshidabad

SOPs

Dept. data last updated on :27/11/2021

Mathematics Lab


New Education Policy (2020) and National Policy on Education (1986) state, “Mathematics should be visualised as a vehicle to train a child to think, analyse and articulate logically”. National Curriculum Framework - 2005 brought out by NCERT, states that the primary goal of Mathematics education is the mathematisation of a child’s thought process. These objectives can only be achieved if there is an opportunity of creating a scope of exploring, verifying and experimenting upon mathematical results by students themselves. Thus, there is a need of adopting an activity-oriented process rather than merely concentrating upon mastery of rules and formulae to do mathematical problems mechanically and pass out the examinations. There is a need to provide the learners with the scope for interaction, communication and representations of mathematical ideas by practising processes.

A mathematics laboratory can foster mathematical awareness, skill-building, positive attitude and learning by doing experiments in mathematics such as Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, Trigonometry, Calculus, Coordinate Geometry, etc.

Objectives

Mathematics Lab is set up in the Department of Education to achieve the following objectives:

     To provide prospective teachers with opportunities to make students understand the mathematical concept through active involvement in solving problems.

     To help prospective teachers to make students think creatively and look for patterns and ask questions.

     To develop an attitude of inquiry.

     To discover the pattern for getting insight into the formulae.

     To visualise algebraic and analytical results geometrically.

     To design practical demonstrations of mathematical results/formulae or the concepts.

     To encourage interactions amongst students and teachers through debate and discussions.

     To encourage students to recognise, extend, and formulate patterns and enable them to pose problems in the form of conjectures.

Beneficiaries

All B.Ed. Students (Mathematics group) of the Department of Education have access to the Mathematics Lab with strict adherence to the SOPs. 

Procedures used in Mathematics Lab

The mathematics lab can contribute in various ways in teaching-learning of this subject. Some of them are as follows:

     The student will get an opportunity to understand the abstract ideas/ concepts through concrete objects and situations.

     The concepts of relations and functions can be easily understood by making working models by making arrow diagrams using wires.

     Three-dimensional concepts can only be conceived by three-dimensional models in the laboratory, whereas it is complicated to understand these concepts on a blackboard.

     The concept of a function and its inverse function becomes very clear by drawing their graphs using mathematical instruments and using the concept of the image about the line y = x, which can be done only in the laboratory.

     It provides greater scope for individual participation in the processes of learning and becoming an autonomous learner.

Rules and Regulations

     All the prospective teachers (Mathematics group) are allowed to use the Mathematics Lab.

     All the prospective teachers are required to enter the log register every time before using the equipments.

    Equipments issued to the students for specific purposes must be returned in good working condition after the use.

     The lab in-charge is authorised to check the working condition of the issued equipments when it is returned.

     Before using a piece of equipments for the first time, seek training from the Lab In-charge.

     Food, drinks and refreshments are strictly prohibited in the lab.

     Talking loudly and using mobile phones are not allowed in the lab.

     Relocation and replacement of any equipments is not allowed.

     While using the laboratory be considerate.

     Immediately report the problems related to laboratory to the Lab In-charge, if any.

     Users are expected to keep the lab neat, clean and tidy.

     Users are free to provide their feedback in the suggestion book.

Timings of Mathematics Lab

The facilities in the Mathematics Lab are available during the working hours. Though, one period is allotted per week for B.Ed. students of mathematics group.


Psychology Lab


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Psychology in general and Educational Psychology in particular are concerned with the scientific study of human learning. They play a significant role in teacher education and the teaching profession. The study of learning processes, from both cognitive and behavioural perspectives, allows one to understand individual differences in intelligence, cognitive development, affect, motivation, self-regulation and self-concept, and their role in learning. The field of educational psychology relies heavily on quantitative methods, including testing and measurement, to enhance educational activities related to instructional design, classroom management, and assessment, which serve to facilitate learning processes in various educational settings across the lifespan.

As per the guidelines of the NCTE (National Council of Teacher Education), the Department of Education has a well-equipped Psychology Laboratory. The laboratory is equipped with different apparatus/ equipments/tests/scales for conducting various psychological experiments. Psychological tests/scales (Verbal, non-verbal and performance tests) are available in the Lab to access creativity, personality, intelligence, aptitude, attitude, interest, etc. Pictures of eminent psychologists are also available in this Lab.

Objectives

Psychology Lab is set up in the Department of Education to achieve the following objectives:

     To impart practical experiences in psychological concepts.

     To familiarise with psychological equipments/tests/scales.

     To acquaint yourself with standardised tests/scales based on relevant performance dimensions (Achievement, Intelligence, Personality, Attitude, Aptitude, Interest, Motivation, etc.)

     To perform psychological experiments.

     To train in various psychological assessment techniques.

     To develop experimental skills in Psychology.

     To provide training in administering, scoring and interpreting various psychological tests/scales.

     To identify individual differences among their students using various psychological tests/scales.

     To recognise psychological variables that influence the classroom environment and overall climate of an institution.

     To create a psychologically sound and conducive teaching-learning environment.

     To apply psychological tests/scales in research work.

     To provide personal, educational and vocational guidance to their students in future by administering various psychological tests/scales.

Beneficiaries

All B.Ed. students of the Department of Education have access to lab equipments/tests/scales with strict adherence to the SOPs.

Procedures used in Psychology Lab

The Psychology Lab helps students in acquiring the functional knowledge, understanding and application of psychological laws, principles, theories, concepts, processes, etc. in the following ways: 

  Training in scientific investigation/method/enquiry for describing, explaining and predicting behaviours or mental processes.

   Examining the possible relationships between variables affecting behaviours or mental processes by controlling the confounding variables.

     Defining variables operationally.

     Formulating research questions/hypotheses regarding behaviours or mental processes.

 Designing and performing psychological experiments using equipments/tests/scales for answering research questions or testing hypotheses.

     Operating equipments/tests/scales carefully.

  Administering the tests/scales over the required sample/participants and scoring them as per their respective administrative and scoring procedures.

     Collecting data using quantitative and qualitative techniques.

     Analysing data using appropriate statistical techniques.

     Interpreting results from the analysed data for drawing conclusions.

     Writing a report of a psychological experiment in notebooks in the desired format.

     Eliminating or controlling for any bias as a researcher at every step of scientific investigation.

     Learning about the delimitations, limitations and ethical considerations of psychological enquiry

Rules and Regulations

 Only bonafide Students of B.Ed. have access to lab equipments/tests/scales based on their prescribed course curriculum.

All the prospective teachers are required to enter the log register every time before using the equipments/tests/scales of the lab.

     The Lab Assistant will issue the equipments/tests/scales and get it back after verifying.

     In case of improper equipments/tests/scales, will not be issued to the students by the Lab In-charge.

     Lab In-charge will illustrate the administrative and scoring procedures of equipments/tests/scales before allowing the students to use it.

     All students have to follow proper precautions while using any equipments/tests/scales.

     Food, drinks and refreshments are strictly prohibited in the lab.

     Talking loudly and using mobile phones are not allowed in the lab.

     Relocation and replacement of any equipments/tests/scales is not allowed.

     While using the laboratory be considerate.

     Immediately report the problems related to the laboratory to the Lab In-charge, if any.

     Users are expected to keep the lab neat, clean and tidy.

     Users are free to provide their feedback in the suggestion book.

Timings of Psychology Lab

The facilities in the Psychology Lab are available during the working hours. Though, one period is allotted per week for all B.Ed. students.

Social Science Lab