Department of TB and Chest Diseases


Dept. data last updated on :20/05/2023
Telemedicine in covid-19 challenges and opportunities

Fructosylation of Human Serum Albumin - Implications in diabetes mellitus

clinico-radiological corelation and outcome of covid-19 patients presenting to I2 centre in western UP

Predisposing factors of pseudomonas: A hospital based cross sectional study

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a usual causative organism of both hospital-acquired pneumonia and community-acquired pneumonia. Although, it is less commonly reported in otherwise healthy hosts, most patients have an identifiable risk factor for disease. These risk factors include those with structural lung abnormalities like bronchiectasis and those with a compromised immune system. With the emergence of multidrug resistant strains of P. aeruginosa, the severity of infection and mortality associated with pneumonia has increased drastically. The insight into the risk factors of Pseudomonas pneumomia helps to suspect and treat the condition at the earliest and thereby reduce the mortality as well as the duration of hospital stay.

acute exacerbation of COPD : phenotypic screening and sensitivity of microbiological profile

An upper respiratory tract infection which can be either due to increased airway bacterial load or emergence of new bacterial strain is the most common cause of Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD). Other factors responsible for exacerbation include viral infections, pollution and other unidentified pathogens

clinical improvement with pirfenidone in section two patient of covid-19

Pirfenidone has been approved for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis due to its anti-fibrotic activity. It has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties apart from being an anti-fibrotic agent. Cytokine storm, severe inflammation and oxidative stress leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiorgan failure are factors causing mortality in patients of COVID-19. This article reports two cases of 35 years and 60-year-old male patients of COVID-19, those were diagnosed by real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) using nasopharyngeal samples. They were started on pirfenidone 400 mg BD, later increased to 600 mg TDS along with empirical antibiotics, dexamethasone, supplemental oxygen and non-invasive ventilator support. Both the patients improved and were discharged. Both the patients were followed by telemedicine after one week, did not require oxygen at rest and were comfortable at rest in contrast to earlier complaints. Thus, the authors conclude that pirfenidone can be a possible cure for COVID-19 patients, larger trials are required to confirm its efficacy.


Pleural effusions are one of the most common entities encountered by pulmonologists worldwide which have a very long list of causes. Initial workup of these patients begins with a chest X-ray and percutaneous or Ultrasound (USG) guided thoracocentesis followed by biochemical and cytological evaluation of the fluid to ascertain the cause of effusion. A 20 to 25% of cases remain undiagnosed even after thoracocentesis and closed pleural biopsy. Medical Thoracoscopy is emerging as a safe diagnostic procedure in these patients.

clinical profile of hospitaized covid 19 patient in the 1st and 2nd wave of pandemic

 India witnessed a massive second surge of COVID-19 cases since March 2021 after a period of decline from September 2020. Data collected under the National Clinical Registry for COVID-19 (NCRC) were analysed to describe the differences in demographic and clinical features of COVID-19 patients recruited during these two successive waves

Effect of OSA on BMD

 Various studies have suggested that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects bone metabolism. One of the most significant factors is hypoxia which induces certain transcription factors that stimulate bone osteoclastic activity. It also induces respiratory acidosis and oxidative stress which enhances bone resorption. Leptin and melatonin secretions are regulated by the circadian system which is affected due to sleep fragmentation in OSA. Other comorbidities associated with OSA such as vitamin D deficiency, hypogonadism, obesity, and insulin resistance are indirect mechanisms that affect bone mineral density (BMD).

2173ArticlesEfficacy, safety, and lot-to-lot immunogenicity of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (BBV152): interim results of a randomised, double-blind, controlled, phase 3 trial

We report the clinical efficacy against COVID-19 infection of BBV152, a whole virion inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine formulated with a toll-like receptor 7/8 agonist molecule adsorbed to alum (Algel-IMDG) in Indian adults