Department of Persian
Dept. data last updated on :26/05/2023
|“Persian Literary Heritage in 14-15th Centuries in Indian Sub-Continent and Iran” (10-12 April 2018)|
With the emergence of the Ghaznavids and their successors such as the Ghurids, Timirids and Mughal, Persian culture and its literature gradually moved to Indian Sub- Continent. In general, from its earliest days, Persian literature and language was imported into the the subcontinent by culturally Persianised Turkic and Afghan dynasties. Persian becomes the language of the nobility, literary circle, and the royal Mughal courts for hundreds of years. Persian become the preferred language of the Muslim elite of north India and become the langue Franca of the empire under Akbar for various political and social factors due to its non-sectarian and fluid nature. The influence of these languages led to a vernacular that is the ancestor of today’s Urdu. Indo-Persian culture has helped produce certain composite within the Indian Sub-Continent that survive even to this day.The influence of Persian language moreover may be seen in the considerable proportion of loan words absorbed into the vernacular of the north and north-west of the South Asia including Punjabi, Guajarati, Urdu, Hindi, Kashamri and Pashto.
During the reign of Ala uddin Muhammad Khalji (1295-1315) and thereafter from Tughlaqs (1320-1413) to Sikander Lodi (1489-1517) the Persian literature I n India reached one of its most brilliant period. Scientific work was carried on history medicine astronomy and astrology not only the sciences flourished but also Persian literature in many forms. The flourishing of Persian literature in India was first and foremost due to its most and versatile poet Amior Khusraw Delhvi.
In the 14th century during the reign of Sultan Muhammud Tughluq and his successors numerous biographies and lives of saints were written in Persian prose. The period of Lodis becomes a milestone in the development of Persian Literature in India. It signified the beginning of new period in literary activity and corresponded in time with the age of Jami in Iran. In Persia the period corresponds to the last two Ilkan rulers. Uljaatu (1305-1316) and Abu Said (1317-34) and also Muzaffarids, Jalairs, Sarbadars and Kurts. Timur came in power in 1370 and died in 1405. The old country of the samanids once again came to the fore. At this time with Samarqand. At this time we witness the rise of Central Asia under Ulugh Beg and heart under Sultan Husayn Bayqara. In Iran it is a period of Khawaju, Ibne Yamin, Salman Savaji and Hafiz who tookthe Ghazal to its summit. The period is also marked with rise of prose literature produce in the field of History, Biography, Ethics, Religion and Philosophy.
The vast and rich literature of 14th and 15 century in Indian and Iran needs a fresh interpretation. Beside this some hitherto unpublished work also deserves our attention. This seminar is being organized to rediscover and reinterpret the literature of the above period in India and Iran.
Some Broad Areas
1. Persian Poetry with special focus on Ghazal
2. Suftistic literature in Prose and Poetry
3. History and Historians
5. Religious and Ethical Literature
6. Major Personalities: I-Amir Khusraw, II- Hasan Sijzi, III- Hafiz, IV- Jami, V- Ziauddin Barani, VI- Shams Siraj Afif, VII- Yahya bin Ahmad Sarhindi.
|International Seminar on "Spiritual Essence and Persian Poetry in Indian Subcontinent" held from 02-04 March, 2016.|
International Seminar on "Spiritual Essence and Persian Poetry in Indian Subcontinent" held from 02-04 March, 2016. The NCPUL collaborated for this Seminar. The Inaugural Function of this International Seminar was held in Arts Faculty Lounge on 02 March at 11:30 AM. Vice Chancellor Lt. Gen. Rtd. Mr Zamir Uddin Shah presided, Cultural Counsellor of Islamic Republic of Iran Dr. Ali Dehgahi Inaugurated and Hazrat Maulana Syed Shah Helal Ahmad Qadri, Shaikhul Hadees and renowned Scholar and writer from Khanqah Mojibia Phulwari Sharif Patna presented the Key note address. Dr. Ghahreman Soleimani Dy. Director ICRO, Tehran was the Chief Guest , Pro Vice Chancellor AMU Brig. Syed Ahmad Ali was the Guest of Honour and Prof. Azarmi Dukht Safavi, Director Institute of Persian Research was Special Guest. In this Seminar a number of Delegates from various Universities of India, Bangladesh and Iran participated and in IX academic sessions 50 scholarly papers on various aspects related to the theme and topic of the seminar were presented. In the Inaugural Function of the seminar the first ever trilingual annual research journal of the department entitled "Shakh-i-Nabat" was released by the dignitaries. Apart from the release of this journal 04 following books of faculty members of the department were also released: "Hayat-e-Saadi" edited and annotated by Prof. SM Asad Ali Khurshid, " Masnavi Beahde Aurangzeb" by Dr. SM Asghar, "Shapure Tehrani- Shakhsiyat wa Asaar" by Dr. M Usman Ghani, "Matlae Qamar" by Dr. M Qamar Alam. This academic event organised by the Department of Persian from 02-04 March, 2016 on "Spiritual Essence and Persian Poetry in Indian Sub Continent" (Ù?Ú©Û?Øª Ø¹Ø±Ù?Ø§Ù? Ù? Ø´Ø¹Ø±Ú¾Ø§Û? Ù?Ø§Ø±Ø³Û? Ø´Ø¨Û? Ù?Ø§Ø±Û? Ú¾Ù?Ø¯) was a grand success.